Gardens through the ages
From the self-sufficient gardens of the medieval period through to the low maintenance, ornamental gardens of the 20th-century, we explore how fashions of the time have greatly influenced garden design.
Medieval garden style was dominated by monasteries and manor houses. Herbs were cultivated to provide medicine, and gardens were an important source of food.
The influence of the Renaissance left its mark on the gardens of the Tudors, and can be seen in the inclusion of architectural features such as loggias and fountains. The most recognised feature from this period is the knot garden.
Gardens grew larger during the Stuart period as the influence of French and Dutch formal gardens brought features such as long avenues, terraces and topiary.
Garden and park merged into one during the 18th century to create a British style that would influence gardens across Europe.
Exotic plants from around the world were brought home to gardens by Victorian collectors. The bright new colours were displayed in more formal garden styles.
The structured compartments, or rooms, of formal hedges that epitomised the Edwardian and Arts and Craft garden at the beginning of the century were later softened with borders of the many new herbaceous plants that were being bred.