History

Over 500 years of history

Claydon House has a great story to tell © Andrew Butler

Claydon House has a great story to tell

Claydon House has been the seat of the Verney family since 1620. The present house is almost entirely 18th century having undergone major redevelopment in 1757 and 1771 to rival the nearby manor house at Stowe. Today, only a fragment of the great house is still standing with its magnificent 18th century state rooms.

Glory days

Volunteer tour guides at Claydon © Jennifer Roberts

Volunteer tour guides at Claydon

The original house consisted of two wings, just the right hand wing remains today. The 2nd Earl had a taste for grandeur and lavish entertainments and so he greatly extended the house with an immense addition to the north, which almost trebled the length of the existing house.

Work began

Claydon House Model © NTPL/Elle Horder

Claydon House Model

The work began in 1766, just as an earlier phase of building work was being completed. This chiefly consisted of two huge reception rooms, a circular entrance hall or rotunda and a ball room. When you visit, stand before the west front of the house and try and imagine a second, duplicate building to the far left where the current car park stands.

Built but not completed

Claydon House Driveway © NTPL/Elle Horder

Claydon House Driveway

Behind its facade lay an immense columned ballroom or 'Egyptian Hall', seven bays long and two storeys high. Between the two wings stood the rotunda with by six giant Corinthian columns on the outside, with the front door in the centre. It was never completed internally and soon fell into disrepair.

Claydon House view from fields at sunset © NTPL/Elle Horder

Claydon House view from fields at sunset

Haunted...?

Do you enjoy a good ghost story, or want to see if you can find one? We're said to be haunted by several ghostly apparitions. The most frequent ghostly sighting is of Sir Edmund Verney, standard bearer to the King at the battle of Edgehill in 1642. He died at the battle and his hand was severed and clung in death to the standard. The hand was eventually reinterred hereand Sir Edmund has been sighted inside the house without his hand or riding his horse in the grounds.

Visits from a ghostly grey lady, thought to be Florence Nightingale have also been experienced and the 1st Earl is sometimes seen on the staircase. Several staff members have experienced strange happenings. The house isn't open at night but in October you can come and join a creepy  guided tour, held after dark. Bring along a torch as no lights are switched on and see if you can spot one of our ghostly residents as you listen to strange tales.

Creative interiors

Much of the Rococo plaster work, woodwork and elaborate carvings found throughout the house are unique to Claydon.

Luke Lightfoot, a celebrated master stone mason and carver, was employed by Lord Verney in 1757 to build chimneys for the Verney's London home. He was later commissioned for more elaborate building of here, probably to Lord Verney's own design.

The intricate carvings were painted white, and this has preserved them  for us to enjoy nearly 300 years later. Today we employ master carvers to make the repairs when needed.

Sir Ralph Verney

When you visit, take a look at our tree stump time line. You'll notice Ralph Verney (1879-1951)  He in the second Boer War and First World War as a lieutenant-colonel. He went on to become secretary to the viceroy of India and speak in the House of Commons. He was knighted in 1928 and made a Baronet in 1946. Sir Ralph also had the privilege of having Florence Nightingale as his godmother.

He died at his London home in 1959 but was buried at here. His son David Verney has published a book of Sir Ralph's correspondence called 'The Joyous Patriot', and portraits of Sir Ralph can be found in the National Portrait Gallery in London.

The First World War and Claydon House

2014 marks the centenary of the first World War. 

We will be hosting a display of war memorabilia to celebrate the lives of the people on the front line and at home so come and visit us soon.

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