Lord Armstrong's garden
The Formal Garden is a magnificent example of a Victorian garden. Laid out in three terraces it covers over three acres and is an idyllic, colourful spot to take in views of Northumberland.
The Orchard House
One of the largest surviving glasshouses dating from the 1870's, the building has three sections and was built to provide shelter from the Northumberland climate for the cultivation of hardy and tender fruits. Today, there are large earthenware pot sets producing many fruits including; figs, peaches, and pears to name a few, ready for harvesting in the autumn.
The Italian Terrace
The Italian Terrace is the centrepiece of the lowest level of the Formal Gardens. The Loggia is a cast-iron structure, typical of Armstrong’s innovations, combining familiar forms and material with a glass roof and sides and an open front.
Cragside’s carpet bedding uses approximately 20,000 plants which have to be raised in the nursery with different designs used each year. Each bed is about 18 metres long by 3 metres wide and usually takes about 6 weeks to complete.
Europe's largest rock garden
The largest rock garden in Europe surrounds the house on three sides. The west garden contains fine specimens of heath and heather which bloom during the late summer and autumn months, while the lower west garden has plantings of both evergreen and deciduous shrubs. The south garden has plantings from the warmer parts of Europe and New Zealand, along with azaleas.
In the Victorian era it was regarded as a supreme symbol of wealth and status to own an arboretum or Pinetum. Our Pinetum holds a fine collection of conifers mainly, but not exclusively, from North America. Young trees have been planted in this area to redress the problem of balance, with the original trees maturing and dying at the same time.
During the late summer and autumn months the colours around the estate begin to change.
Heaths and heathers bloom in the Rock Garden, Dhalias burst with colour in the Formal Garden and deciduous trees transform the woodland, which really comes into it's own during the autumn.
Take a stroll through the Pinetum and up towards the Formal Garden, admiring the changing autumn colours along the way.
- April and May: spring displays and fruit tree blossoms
- June and July: carpet bedding, tender perennials being planted in the open ground
- August and September: tender perennials in flower, Dahlias and summer bedding provide a riot of colour
- October and November: fruit in the Orchard House ripen, bedding remains colourful until first frosts, planting for spring displays gets underway.
UK's tallest Scots pine at Cragside
It's official, we've got the tallest Scots pine in the UK on our land. At 40m (just over 131ft and the same height as 10 double-decker buses stacked one on top of the other), the conifer has been confirmed as the largest of its kind by officials from the Tree Register.
Read our garden blog
Our assistant gardener Holly has been writing a blog telling us what's been happening in the formal garden. To find out more, visit it here.
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