History

1937: Eccles Pike

The newly replaced Topograph sits once again on Eccles Pike © National Trust

The newly replaced Topograph sits once again on Eccles Pike

1.5 miles west of Chapel-en-le-Frith, the 6-acre summit of Eccles Pike was given by Mrs MM Spencer to commemorate the coronation of George VI. The remaining 29 acres was bought in 1990 with a gift from Mr GH Sugden.

In 1937, Amelia Earhart disappeared and the former King Edward VIII married Wallis Warfield Simpson.

1976: Dalehead Farmhouse

Dalehead Bunkhouseis a wonderful place to stay in a remote idyllic setting  © Backpackers Press

Dalehead Bunkhouseis a wonderful place to stay in a remote idyllic setting

Dalehead was bought with Derbyshire and Peak District Appeal funds and a Countryside Commission grant. It has been renovated and is now in use as a bunkhouse (group accommodation) sleeping 20 people.

1976 was the year after Microsoft was founded and the year before Elvis died.

1982: Kinder Scout

The hills turn pink in August when the heather is in bloom © National Trust / Peak District

The hills turn pink in August when the heather is in bloom

Kinder Scout was purchased by the Trust in 1982 with grants from the National Heritage Memorial Fund and the Countryside Commission, a bequest, and money from a special appeal by the Derbyshire and Peak District Appeal Fund.

In 1982, the movie ET was released and King Henry VIII's ship, the Mary Rose, was raised after 437 years.

1952: Derwent and Howden moors

Derwent Valley is always beautiful and offers rewarding views © National Trust / Peak District

Derwent Valley is always beautiful and offers rewarding views

Derwent and Howden moors, originally part of Hardwick Hall estates, were transferred to the National Trust through National Land Fund procedures.

In 1952, car seat belts were introduced, the polio vaccine was created and Princess Elizabeth became queen, at age 25.

How the landscape was formed

Get close up to the striking gritstone rock formations

280 million years ago gritstone was formed by deposits of sand and mud residue when it was a vast river estuary.

On the surface, rain and ice wore away softer areas of reef creating gorges, valleys and caves.

Mam Tor

Visit the gorgeous setting of Mam Tor

Visit the gorgeous setting of Mam Tor

Known as the 'shivering mountain' after the Bronze Age, Mam Tor continued to be used as a defensive structure.

Iron Age settlers built imposing hill forts on its summit. Iron Age quern stones have been found at various sites across the area, implying extensive arable farming at that time.

1932: Kinder Trespass

Discover more about the historical story of the Kinder Trespass in 1932  © Willow Publishing

Discover more about the historical story of the Kinder Trespass in 1932

On 24 April 1932, Kinder, an area of private land, was invaded by approximately 400 people. These people were ramblers from the surrounding towns and villages. They converged to launch a mass trespass in support of their access rights to the land. This event was monumental in gaining access rights for ramblers across the country.

1932: Battle for Kinder Scout

Discover more about the historical story of the Kinder Trespass in 1932  © Joe Cornish

Discover more about the historical story of the Kinder Trespass in 1932

20 April, 10.30am–5pm

Join the National Trust and Peak Park rangers to retrace the steps of the historic mass trespass on Kinder. it is a walk of approximately 9 miles and includes some rough moorland together with steep and uneven terrain.

Please telephone 01629 816211 to book places.

Upper Derwent Valley

  • 1912–1916: Gothic-style dams were built to contain the waters of Howden and Derwent Reservoirs using 1.2 million tons of stone from Bole Hill Quarry.
  • 1943: RAF bomber pilots flew secret practice runs along the Upper Derwent Valley. The Derwent and Howden reservoirs were used as stand-ins for the Ruhr dams of industrial Germany.

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