The three founders of the National Trust were Octavia Hill, Canon Hardwicke Rawnsley and Sir Robert Hunter. In August 2012, our commemorations of the centenary of Octavia Hill’s death included a special service of remembrance at Westminster Abbey. Her legacy is widely recognised, not least because of her philanthropic work improving the homes of the poor and protecting open spaces.
Hardwicke Rawnsley, meanwhile, is famous for being the defender of the Lake District. His efforts in protecting the uplands from enclosure and over-development were a crucial component in the growing pressure for the creation of the National Trust in 1895.
Robert Hunter’s role is less well-known. I think this is because the bulk of his tireless work was behind the scenes. If Hill was the inspiration for the Trust, with Rawnsley as its chief advocate, then Hunter was its inventor, the puppeteer pulling strings to make it all happen. Where Hill and Rawnsley provided much of the fire and passion that drove the movement in its earliest years, Hunter turned that energy into the legal reality of the National Trust. I’d go so far as to say that the Trust simply would not have been created without Hunter’s vision and foresight.
The following timeline sets out some of the key moments in Robert Hunter's life:
Robert Hunter is born in Camberwell, south London, the first child and only son of Robert Lachlan Hunter and his wife, Anne. Robert's father is away at sea for the first year of his life.
Hunter attains his degree from University College London. He starts work as a lawyer.
The Commons Preservation Society is founded by George Shaw-Lefevre, Liberal MP.
By now the solicitor to the Commons Preservation Society, Hunter plays a leading role in the Epping Forest case, which concludes with the saving of the forest from enclosure.
Hunter is recommended by Henry Fawvett, Postmaster Generalin Gladstone’s government, for the role of Solicitor to the General Post Office. The first Ancient Monuments Act is passed.
Hunter advises Octavia Hill on saving Sayes Court, Deptford.
In a speech to the Social Science Association, he outlines the idea behind what became the National Trust.
Sir Robert intervenes to save Hindhead Common and Devil’s Punch Bowl near his home in Haslemere, Surrey.
The following year, The National Trust Act becomes law.
Sir Robert dies, just months after his retirement from the General Post Office. He is buried in an unmarked grave at St Bartholomew’s Church, Haslemere.