Wildlife

A wildlife haven

A marbled white butterfly going about its business on the estate © National Trust/Michael Clarke

A marbled white butterfly going about its business on the estate

Much of the ecology of the estate is of national importance and most is classified as a Site of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI). Ponds are attractive to dragonflies, the hay meadows are rich in wildflowers and some of the woodland is ancient and rich in lichens. The orchards at Filcombe Farm and St Gabriel's are important biodiversity sites. We work with our tenant farmers to carefully manage and preserve these important habitats.

 

A wildlife haven

The beautiful view of a field of green winged orchid in bloom  © National Trust

The beautiful view of a field of green winged orchid in bloom

Much of the ecology of the estate is of national importance and most is classified as a Site of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI). Ponds are attractive to dragonflies, the hay meadows are rich in wildflowers and some of the woodland is ancient and rich in lichens. The orchards at Filcombe Farm and St Gabriel's are important biodiversity sites. We work with our tenant farmers to carefully manage and preserve these important habitats.

A wildlife haven

Common spotted orchids © Craig McCoy

Common spotted orchids

Much of the ecology of the estate is of national importance and most is classified as a Site of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI). Ponds are attractive to dragonflies, the hay meadows are rich in wildflowers and some of the woodland is ancient and rich in lichens. The orchards at Filcombe Farm and St Gabriel's are important biodiversity sites. We work with our tenant farmers to carefully manage and preserve these important habitats.

A wildlife haven

Spotted: a Dartford warbler in the gorse at Stonebarrow  © National Trust/Michael Clarke

Spotted: a Dartford warbler in the gorse at Stonebarrow

Much of the ecology of the estate is of national importance and most is classified as a Site of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI). Ponds are attractive to dragonflies, the hay meadows are rich in wildflowers and some of the woodland is ancient and rich in lichens. The orchards at Filcombe Farm and St Gabriel's are important biodiversity sites. We work with our tenant farmers to carefully manage and preserve these important habitats.
 

A wildlife haven

The meadows around Stonebarrow are a haven for orchids © National Trust

The meadows around Stonebarrow are a haven for orchids

Much of the ecology of the estate is of national importance and most is classified as a Site of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI). Ponds are attractive to dragonflies, the hay meadows are rich in wildflowers and some of the woodland is ancient and rich in lichens. The orchards at Filcombe Farm and St Gabriel's are important biodiversity sites. We work with our tenant farmers to carefully manage and preserve these important habitats.

Wildlife news

Volunteer Ecologist John Newbould will be producing regular newsletters about the wildlife at our Dorset coast and countryside sites.

They will include results from his wildlife surveys, details of our latest conservation work and upcoming events. Here's the first issue, for autumn 2014.

Fungi

The parasol mushroom is a fairly common species on well drained soils

Throughout autumn, some unusual shapes and sizes of fungi appear in the woodland at Langdon Hill.

Elsewhere, the fields and meadows can play host to fungi such as scarlet wax cap, the statuesque parasol, fairy ring champignon and the common field mushroom. Bring a good spotter's guide and see what you can identify.

 

Wildflowers

A green winged orchird, as seen in the hay meadows of the estate

A green winged orchird, as seen in the hay meadows of the estate

The estate is awash with wildflowers in the spring and summer. Highlights include carpets of bluebells at Langdon Hill and rare flowers in the hay meadows including the green-winged orchid and corky-fruited water dropwort. The hedgerows are a tantalising tangle of foxgloves, red and white campion, herb-Robert and common vetch. Thrift and sea campion cling to the cliff edges but these should be admired at a safe distance.

Butterflies, dragonflies and damselflies

A small pearl-bordered fritillary butterfly on the Golden Cap Estate

A small pearl-bordered fritillary butterfly on the Golden Cap Estate

The grassland on Stonebarrow Hill is home to many species of butterfly including the common blue, marbled white and small pearl-bordered fritillary. In spring and summer, watch for red admirals and peacocks hovering around the wildflowers in the hedgerows.

The emperor, Britain's largest dragonfly, is a striking blue, green and silver. It patrols the ponds and streams on the estate in summer.

Top tip: the little-known Copse Mead at St Gabriel's has two natural ponds which are home to butterflies, dragonflies and damselflies.

Birdwatching

Bring your binoculars to catch a closer glimpse of these winged wonders:

  • buzzards and kestrels scanning the hedgerows for prey
  • a peregrine falcon - the fastest bird in the world - on the clifftops
  • the stonechat, whose song sounds like two pebbles being banged together, in the heathland
  • ravens, blue tits and long-tailed tits active in the late winter months

Let us know if you spot a now rarely seen Dartford warbler on the heathland.

Grazing

For some Dorset breeds of sheep, it can be lambing season all year round

You're likely to come across cows and sheep as you explore the estate. Grazing by sheep and cattle keeps the turf short and prevents scrub from taking over. You might see playful lambs in the fields even in winter, as some Dorset breeds can lamb all year round.

Nocturnal nature

Badgers exploring in the fields on the estate

On a nature walk at night you might see:

  • Roe deer in the fields at dawn or dusk
  • Badgers emerging from their setts in the fields at dusk
  • Newts hunting for slugs and insects in the ponds and streams
  • The rarely seen nocturnal dormouse in the hedgerows after dark

Reptiles

Several areas of heathland on the estate support a variety of native British reptiles, including the adder, grass snake, slow worm and common lizard. Newt species, including the tiny palmate, live in the natural ponds.

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