The rick yard and threshing barn at Llanerchaeron
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As you wander through Home Farm, explore the traditional farm buildings and features such as the rick yard and threshing barn. They were an important part of daily life on the farm in times gone by.
The rick yard
This is where crops such as wheat, oats, barley and rye from the fields were stacked and stored before processing. They used circular stone stands called 'rickstands' to keep the crops off the ground as it would often be cold and damp.
The threshing barn
The threshing barn is one of the earliest farm buildings at Llanerchaeron. The large doors would accommodate gambos (wagons). The bottom sections of the doors were removable to provide a good cross draught, to help with the threshing process.
Before mechanical threshing was available, in the early 19th century, cereals had to be threshed by hand. The sheaves were untied, the corn laid on the clean floor and beaten with flails. This loosened the grains from the straw. The straw was then gathered up and used as bedding for stock and the servants.
Processing the grain
Next the grains were gathered up in baskets and tossed up into the air. The draught through the barn carried away the lighter dust and chaff, leaving the heavier grains to drop back into the baskets (winnowed). The clean grain could then be stored in the granary. All this was done by hand until replaced by machinery during the Victorian era.
There are also a number of pigeon nesting holes in the threshing barn. These pigeons would provide fresh meat in the winter and eggs in the spring.
Look out for:
- The stone rickstands in the farmyard
- The large split doors of the threshing barn
- The pigeon nesting holes high in the threshing barn walls