Anglesey Abbey - River to heat House

Picture of Quy Water with trees in autumn colour

The National Trust has an ambitious target to source 50% of our energy needs from renewable sources by 2020. Two years ago we installed Solar Panels on the roof of our Visitor Centre and now we have now installed a water source heat pump to heat the House and some of our office space. Taken together these two projects provide the Trust with over 230,000 kWhs of renewable energy each year.

How does a water source heat pump work

A heat pump is a device that uses a small amount of energy, in the form of electricity, to move heat from one location ( the ground, air or water) to another, in our case the House. Heat pumps work in a similar way to a fridge, but instead of moving heat out of your fridge they move heat into our buildings.

Using this technology, we now extract heat from Quy Water, which runs along the boundry of Anglesey Abbey. We extract between 1 and 3 degrees from the water, before returning it to the river further downstream. 

Inside the heat pump this heat is transferred via a heat exchanger to a refrigerant which has a very low boiling point and evaporates. This gas is then compressed which increases its temperature (you might notice a similar effect when you use a bicycle pump and it gets warmer). 

The temperature is increased through compression cycles to a point where it can be used to heat the House. The heat is then transferred via a second heat exchanger to be pumped round the existing radiator system in the House. The cooled compressed gas passes through an expansion valve and condenses to start the cycle again.

We use six heat pump units cascaded together to provide over 200 kilowatts (kW) of heat to the building’s radiator systems.  The heat pumps will generate around 187 Megawatt hours (MWh) of heat energy each year removing the need to use 32,000 litres of oil per year and reducing our CO2 emissions by around 43 tonnes a year. Anglesey will save around £7,000 on fuel bills each year in addition to generating an income from the Government’s Renewable Heat Incentive scheme.

Layout design for Anglesey Abbey Heatpump (PDF / 1.029296875MB) download

What are the benefits

We used to use oil fired boilers to heat the House, switching to a water source heat pump system has removed the risk of an environmentally damaging oil leak. The new system uses around one third of the energy used by our oil boilers, and this significantly reduces our carbon emissions.

And the low temperature background heat provided by the heat pump is also better for our sensitive collections in the House.

Did you know

  • The National trust now gets more energy from renewable sources than from oil.
  • In 2017 alone 8% of energy in the National Trust was converted to come from renewable sources.
  • National Trust properties in the East of England region got 16% of their energy from renewables last year (March 2017-January 2018) and have reduced their total energy consumption by over 10% since 2010