The ‘world’s greatest war memorial’ sings to the nation
Singing tributes to Britain’s war dead across nine of England’s highest peaks concluded yesterday as a pop-up choir scaled Lake District summits to honour a unique memorial.
The ambitious act of remembrances took place over three weekends since May on nine Lakelands fells  to commemorate the Great Gift, a legacy once described as “the world’s greatest war memorial”.
More than 60 hardy singers climbed a total of 25 miles and 3000 metres of ascent to perform a specially commissioned song on every peak, including England’s highest mountain, Scafell Pike.
14 summits in the Lake District  were gifted to the National Trust in the years after the First World War by the Fell and Rock Climbing Club and private landowners as an act of remembrance.
Jessie Binns, the National Trust’s Visitor Experience Manager in the Lake District, recruited the choir to mark 100 years since the end of the First World War: “These mountains were given as memorials for everyone to enjoy, and the National Trust is extremely proud to have cared for them ever since.
“If everything around you is feeling uncertain and unstable, a connection with the natural world can feel grounding.
“This is part of the reason it is so important for us to safeguard these and other open spaces, so that future generations can continue to reap the benefits in the years to come.”
The temporary choir, made up of amateur singers from local choirs, is called The Fellowship of Hill, and Wind, and Sunshine. It is named after the speech made by poet and leading mountaineer, Geoffrey Winthrop Young, which he delivered on top of Great Gable in 1924 as he dedicated the fells to the nation:
“[they] surrendered their part in the fellowship of hill, and wind, and sunshine, that the freedom of this land, the freedom of our spirit, should endure.”
Cumbrian songwriter, musician and teacher, Dr Dave Camlin, created a new suite of songs for the occasion, which included a new arrangement for the words from the dedication speech .
A member of the choir said: “To be able to sing in a choir surrounded by such stunning scenery was a real privilege. It felt incredibly powerful as the sound was carried far across the land by the wind.
“Music helps us to connect - to other people and to nature itself. It helps soothe us in the tough times and shares our joy in the good times.”
Another member said: “To be on the fell top yesterday and to sing with others to celebrate the freedom for which others fought was a deeply moving experience.”
During the performance at Great Gable the choir was filmed by a 360-degree video camera. The resulting film has been used as part of an experiment at Keswick Museum in collaboration with the University of York, to determine whether the benefits of outdoor choir singing could be experienced remotely, using virtual reality technology.
Participants of the experiment wore a headset through which they can experience the panoramic views and singalong as though part of the choir.
Afterwards, participants were asked a series of questions about their mood, as were members of the outdoor choir. Their answers will be compared and recorded to test whether the virtual world can produce the same health and wellbeing benefits as activities in the real-world.
Dr Dave Camlin said: “The real experience of singing meaningful and powerful songs of remembrance in a large choir on a mountain-top was profoundly moving, and we hope that the virtual experience will help people to share in what was a very special moment.”
The choir’s performances are part of a wider programme of remembrance events organised by the National Trust in the Lake District this year. In May, a team of the conservation charity’s rangers and volunteers from the Fell and Rock Climbing Club spent a combined 200 days repairing footpaths and rebuilding the summit cairn on top of Scafell Pike.
England’s tallest mountain was given to the Trust by Lord Leconfield in 1919 as a memorial to the men of the Lake District who fell in the Great War, four years before the Fell and Rock Climbing Club made their gift.
At the Lakes Alive Festival (8 - 9 September) there will be performances from the Fellowship choir and singing workshops and at the Kendal Mountain Festival (15 – 18 November) films will be shown, documenting the Great Gift’s lasting legacy.
On 13th October, the National Trust is inviting people to join a singing picnic at Peace How, a tiny hill near Derwent Water in Borrowdale. It was given to the National Trust in 1917, so that servicemen from the trenches could experience peace and tranquillity. Tickets are free but must be booked in advance from the National Trust website.
October is also a last chance to visit the Where Poppies Blow exhibition at Wordsworth House, which explores how men endured the horrors of war through the wonders of nature.
 Mountains climbed in May: Great Gable, Green Gable, Brandreth (no performance) and Grey Knotts
Mountains climbed in June: Lingmell, Scafell Pike and Broad Crag
Mountains climbed in July: Thorneythwaite Fell, Glaramara and Allen Crags
 The 12 peaks gifted to the National Trust by the Fell and Rock Climbing Club in 1923 were Lingmell, Broad Crag, Great End, Seathwaite Fell, Allen Crags, Glaramara, Kirk Fell, Great Gable, Green Gable, Base Brown, Brandreth and Grey Knotts.
Scafell Pike was given to the National Trust in 1919 by Lord Leconfield, and Castle Crag was given by Dr W H Hamer and his family in memory of his relative, 2nd Lieutenant John Hamer, and the men of Borrowdale.
 The speech read by Geoffrey Winthrop Young: “Upon this mountain summit we are met today to dedicate this space of hills to freedom. Upon this rock are set the names of men – our brothers, and our comrades upon these cliffs – who held with us, that there is no freedom of the soil where the spirit of man is in bondage, and who surrendered their part in the fellowship of hill and wind, and sunshine, that the freedom of this land, the freedom of our spirit, should endure.”