The archaeology of Stonehenge Landscape

Stonehenge Landscape

Follow in the footsteps of the people who built and used Stonehenge and visit the ancient places, prehistoric monuments and former settlements surrounding the famous stone circle. The National Trust cares for over 800 hectares of land within this World Heritage Site and visitors can wander freely across the grasslands. Step back in time and discover what lies beneath.

Durrington Walls

This gigantic bank and ditch forming the Neolithic henge was built to mark the area that had only a generation before been home to the builders of Stonehenge. Archaeologists have discovered the remains of houses, timber circles and a broad track flanked by banks and ditches leading to the River Avon.
When Stonehenge was being built 4500 years ago large celebratory feasts were held here by the workers. Hundreds of arrow heads have been found here, some of which were used to shoot domestic pigs which were eaten at great Midwinter feasts.

Cuckoo Stone Field

This mysterious lone unshaped sarsen stone is known as the Cuckoo Stone and lies only a few metres from where it once stood upright. In ancient times it would have been the focus of rituals and ceremonies from the Neolithic period to Roman times. It's rare to find examples of naturally occurring sarsen stones like this one in this landscape.
Most of the stones used at Stonehenge are thought to have come from the Marlborough Downs which is twenty miles to the north.

Stonehenge Cursus

This enormous earthwork, one of the best preserved in Britain, was built over 5000 years ago using simple antler picks to dig out the chalk and earth. The huge rectangular enclosure stretches for nearly 2 miles and pre dates Stonehenge by hundreds of years. Its ceremonial or ritual use remains a mystery, many believe it may have been used for processions.

Round Barrows in the Stonehenge Landscape

In their simplest form Round Barrows are giant mounds of chalk, earth or turf which were placed over burials, and sometimes cremations, during the Bronze Age. The Stonehenge landscape contains the densest concentration of round barrows anywhere in Britain.
Thanks to the largest operation in Europe to turn ploughed fields back into grassland you can explore the landscape and walk in the footsteps of the people who built and used Stonehenge thousands of years ago.

King Barrow Ridge

This Bronze Age burial ground is flanked by ancient beech trees and has far reaching views across Stonehenge and the downs.

Winterbourne Stoke Crossroads Barrow

A resting place for some of the most important people of the Neolithic and Bronze Age, this impressive barrow group contains every style of barrow to be found in Southern England.