Interior design: Victorian
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Queen Victoria’s reign was so long – from 1837 to 1901 – that it is impossible to describe it as having a single style. The era saw a passion for using and combining many earlier styles in a greater diversity than ever before.
Travel to Japan and India influenced exotic design elements in the home, and stained glass, mosaic tiled floors, ornate plasterwork, richly-patterned rugs and elaborate, heavy curtains all contributed to a popular eclectic look.
Mass production and affordable products allowed homeowners to fill their rooms with textiles, furniture and other products. The diversity of people, from landowning aristocracy to the rapidly developing industrial and business community and increasingly powerful middle class also made it impossible for one style to meet everyone's demands.
A reaction to the mass-production of the age was the Arts and Crafts Movement, led by designers such as William Morris and influenced by medieval architecture. They championed a return to honest craftsmanship and design integrity to produce a style all of their own. Many of Morris’ designs for wallpapers and fabrics are still available today.