World Heritage sites

Acknowledged by the World Heritage Committee of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO) and ratified by 137 member states, these special places are regarded as being universally important and 'belonging to all the peoples of the world, irrespective of the territory on which they are located'.

    Avebury

    Part of the 'Stonehenge, Avebury and Associated Sites' World Heritage site.

    Avebury is one of the most important megalithic monuments in Europe and is one of England's most spiritual places. The great stone circle at the heart of the site encompasses part of the village of Avebury. The surrounding landscape is rich in evidence of the people who have inhabited this area for thousands of years.

    Bath Assembly Rooms

    Part of the 'City of Bath' World Heritage site.

    Designed by John Wood the Younger in 1769, at a time when Bath and its spa were becoming fashionable among polite society, the Assembly Rooms were both a meeting place and a venue for public functions. Bombed in 1942, they were subsequently restored and are now home to the Bath Fashion Museum.

    Cornish Mines and Engines

    Part of the 'Cornwall and West Devon Mining Landscape' World Heritage site.

    Cornwall's engine houses are dramatic reminders of the time when the county was a powerhouse of tin, copper and china clay mining. You can learn about Cornwall's industrial heritage and see the great beam engines that were used for pumping water and winding men and ore up and down. No other industry has moved into Cornwall to replace mining and the physical remains of a great industrial boom still form a significant part of the landscape.

    Levant Mine and Beam Engine

    Part of the 'Cornwall and West Devon Mining Landscape' World Heritage site.

    In its tiny engine house perched on the cliff edge, the famous Levant beam engine is steaming again after 60 idle years. The sight, sounds and smells of this 166-year-old engine conjure up the feel of Cornwall's industrial past and the mine forms part of a hugely significant landscape: a vital part of the world's industrial heritage.

    Fountains Abbey and Studley Royal Water Garden

    Part of the 'Studley Royal Park including the Ruins of Fountains Abbey' World Heritage site.

    This World Heritage site comprises the spectacular ruin of a 12th-century Cistercian abbey and monastic watermill, an Elizabethan mansion and one of the best surviving examples of a Georgian water garden. Elegant ornamental lakes, canals, temples and cascades provide a succession of dramatic, eye-catching vistas.

    Giant's Causeway

    The 'Giant's Causeway and Causeway Coast' World Heritage site.

    This, Northern Ireland's only World Heritage site, is a spectacular natural phenomenon; the inspiration for legends of giants striding over the sea to Scotland. The massive polygonal columns of basalt are the result of volcanic eruptions that took place some 60 million years ago.

    Hadrian's Wall and Housesteads Fort

    Part of the 'Frontiers of the Roman Empire' World Heritage site.

    Hadrian's Wall is part of a frontier known as the 'Roman Limes' which originally stretched more than 5,000km from the Atlantic coast of northern Britain through Europe to the Black Sea. The National Trust owns a six mile stretch of this magnificent feat of military engineering which includes Housesteads Fort, the best preserved of 13 outposts along the wall.

    Stonehenge Landscape

    Part of the 'Stonehenge, Avebury and Associated Sites' World Heritage site.

    Stonehenge is probably the most famous megalithic site in the world. This mysterious and sacred place is surrounded by a landscape full of huge prehistoric monuments such as the Avenue, Kings Barrow Ridge and the Cursus. The National Trust cares for all of the land that surrounds Stonehenge.