Danbury Common to Lingwood

Danbury, Essex

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Danbury Armoury building, now the NT site office © Michael Graham

Danbury Armoury building, now the NT site office

View of Danbury Common in early summer © Michael Graham

View of Danbury Common in early summer

Peacock Butterflies may live to see their 11th birthday © Richard Bigg

Peacock Butterflies may live to see their 11th birthday

Backwarden Nature Reserve is leased to and managed by Essex Wildlife Trust © National Trust

Backwarden Nature Reserve is leased to and managed by Essex Wildlife Trust

Jacob sheep in Essex © Arlington Court staff

Jacob sheep in Essex

Common Linnet might be seen at Danbury © Andy Bright www.digiscoped.com

Common Linnet might be seen at Danbury

Spring Buell/Buell Well provided drinking water for Danbury at one time. © Malcolm Reid TL7804

Spring Buell/Buell Well provided drinking water for Danbury at one time.

Route overview

One of three walks linking Danbury and Lingwood Commons, and Blakes Wood. Danbury and Lingwood Commons were given to the National Trust in 1953 by the Lord of the Manor, Mr. F.B. Plumtree. The Commons at that time, were an overgrown mosaic of habitats of different heights and ages: grass, heath, scrub, scrub-woodland coppice and a wetland area with ponds.

Route details

See this step-by-step route marked on a map

Danbury Common to Lingwood Horizontal Map
  • Directions
  • Route
  • Bus stop
  • Parking
  • Toilet
  • Viewpoint

Start: National Trust Armoury car park, grid ref: TL781044

  1. Starting outside the Armoury (marker post 1) head down to the Bicknacre Road. Turn left onto a sign posted public footpath until reaching the road known as 'The Common'. This road can be quite busy so be careful. Cross the road and bear right towards marker post 2.

    Show/HideThe Armoury

    The Armoury was reconstructed in 1996 after a fire and is now the National Trust's site office. The original timber-framed Armoury was built in 1802 as a store for arms for soldiers garrisoned on Danbury Common as part of a line of defence across the country to intercept any Napoleonic invasion.

    Danbury Armoury building, now the NT site office © Michael Graham
  2. Unmanaged, commons, like most open spaces would revert to original high canopy forests cleared by early man. Grassland plants become taller and coarser, with nettles, docks and thistles shading out the smaller plants, which in turn are then overtaken by the likes of bramble, thorn and gorse. Eventually trees would start to emerge shading out the scrub. The Trust clear this important nesting area on rotation when trees start to emerge over the scrub, allowing birds and wildlife to flourish. Now continue straight until reaching marker post 3.

    Show/HideDanbury Common in summer

    Danbury Common shortly after the start of the trail on a sunny day in early summer.

    View of Danbury Common in early summer © Michael Graham
  3. Marker post 3 marks the boundary between scrub habitats and the main dry acid grass heathland areas, and shows, to the south, the more typical landscape of a traditional open common. From 1850 to 1900 this open area was used as the village cricket pitch, doubtless the reason one John Jaggs (became innkeeper in 1848) naming his brew-house close to the Common, 'The Cricketers'. Almost immediately on the right is the site of a new pond, currently fenced-off to enable pond life and plants to multiply. Now head slightly to the right to marker post 4.


    Butterflies such as this Peacock can be found at Danbury. They are probably the longest-living butterflies in Britain, with adults surviving from late July, well into the following spring, perhaps into June. Thus, contrary to popular belief that butterflies only live for a few days, some Peacocks may live to see their 11th month (albeit having spent five or six months of their adult lives asleep in hibernation). They can be easily recognised by their four large eye spots, which look similar to those on a peacocks tail feathers. When the bluebells start flowering, peacock butterflies are just starting to wake after their winter hibernation, and can take advantage of their plentiful supply of nectar. The Peacock caterpillar feeds on stinging nettles.

    Peacock Butterflies may live to see their 11th birthday © Richard Bigg
  4. This area was probably once dominated by heathland before being invaded by scrub and birch. Heather was used in thatching, walling, making mattresses and medical infusions. Now head slightly right until reaching the bridle path 28, turn left and after a few metres turn right and head south towards marker post 5.

  5. Pre 1600 ancient woodland requires little management. Open glades occur naturally as old trees die and fall, and they support woodland flowers and shrubs until young saplings grow tall enough to shade out the lower vegetation, producing a range of trees of different ages. The woodland structure is now managed by the National Trust to provide as many different ages and types of tree as possible, and the glades and openings are artificially created by felling. Now head on and shortly bear slightly to the left to marker post 6.

    Show/HideBackwarden Nature Reserve

    The south western part of Danbury Common is managed on behalf of the National Trust by the Essex Wildlife Trust. Backwarden is part of the Danbury Common Site of Special Scientific Interest which has a variety of habitats, in particular extensive wet areas with wetland species like Marsh Willowherb, Fine-leaved Water-dropwort, Pennywort and Common and Lesser Skullcap. It also extends the lowland heath habitat range of the Common and has populations of reptiles and amphibians. It has its own way-marked nature trail.

    Backwarden Nature Reserve is leased to and managed by Essex Wildlife Trust © National Trust
  6. This area of old gravel workings was, in 1994 part of an experiment to further the control of vegetation. Now turn left and head on to re-cross the bridle path 28 and head on up to marker post 7.

    Show/HideOld Gravel workings

    In 1994 a flock of Hebridean and Jacob sheep started grazing within a temporarily fenced area, bringing full-circle of the management of at least a small part of Danbury Common.

    Jacob sheep in Essex © Arlington Court staff
  7. The woodland in this area, mainly stocked with Hornbeam, is divided into 20 'coupes' (the traditional term for an area of coppice) and each is cut on a 20 year rotation. When cut, the larger wood is sold as firewood and the twigs are formed into deadwood hedges providing valuable habitat. Now continue ahead following the path to the left after a short way, then turn right and head north to marker post 8.


    Birds such as warblers, blackcaps, whitethroats, linnets (see photo), flycatchers, finches and nightingales are known to breed here.

    Common Linnet might be seen at Danbury © Andy Bright www.digiscoped.com
  8. The change in vegetation across this area, from hornbeam, oak and holly on the eastern side to silver birch and heather on the west, indicates the change from clay to sand. The soil mix here creates what is probably the best area on the Common for cultivation, and it was here that billeted soldiers in Napoleonic times, grew vegetables. Now head on straight and turn right to reach marker post 9.

  9. A spring line at approximately 70m above sea level runs right around Danbury Ridge. The largest of note is from Spring Buell some 50m NNE from this point. Now head forward for a few paces towards the boundary and turn left towards marker post 10.

    Show/HideBuell Well

    Buell Well provided the drinking water for Danbury in the 18th and early 19th centuries. In the late 19th century water from the well was piped to this site to enable a pumping station and reservoirs to be built. The pumps and their accompanying reservoirs became defunct in 1936 and were finally demolished in 1962. On the right-hand side of the photograph the foundations of the old pumping station are still visible. On the left-hand side of the photograph it is just possible to see the pipe from the well, from which spring water gushes all year round, even in drought conditions.

    Spring Buell/Buell Well provided drinking water for Danbury at one time. © Malcolm Reid TL7804
  10. There is little standing water within the Common, but as one of the lowest points of Danbury Common this area is often flooded after heavy rain. By retaining some of this run-off in a series of small dams along the main flood line, this water is utilised to create a wet boggy area attracting amphibians and small waders, together with many wetland flowers and plants. Now head on for a little way and cross the bridle path 30. Head on until reaching a footpath on the left. Make a left turn, then a right turn, then a half right turn, and then a left turn following on to cross 'The Common' road again. Then turn left with the houses on your left until reaching marker post 11.

  11. Livestock would have been allowed to graze here in the early spring but removed at the end of April, for the grass to be grown for 10-12 weeks before being cut for hay. Now make your way back to the car park or across the road to the Cricketers Inn for some refreshment, before continuing to Lingwood Common.

  12. If continuing to Lingwood, from the car park head left, cross the Bicnacre Road and turning left down Sporeham's Lane take the first signed footpath on the right. Now continue on the Lingwood trail. Take a look on our website (www.nationaltrust.org.uk/danbury-commons-and-blakes-wood) at our other walks: Lingwood Common to Blakes Wood and Lingwood and Blakes Wood to Lingwood Common. Each walk can be undertaken separately or co-joined with this one for one long walk.

End: National Trust Armoury car park, grid ref: TL781044

In partnership with

Cotswold Outdoor logo © Cotswold Outdoor
  • Trail: Walking
  • Grade: Easy
  • Distance: 1.5 miles (2.4km)
  • Time: 1 hour
  • OS Map: Landranger 167
  • Terrain:

    Easy walking over numbered route. Grass tracks. Some tree roots. May not be suitable for push/wheelchairs. Some areas muddy in wet weather/winter. Dogs welcome as long as under close control. Please clear up any dog litter. Bikes allowed on bridle paths only.

  • How to get here:

    By bike: National Cycle Network Route 1 is open between Harlow and Maldon, via Chelmsford. It passes by the edge of Blake's Wood and Danbury and Lingwood Commons. Note that cycles are not allowed in Blakes Wood, and on bridle paths, only allowed in Lingwood and Danbury.

    By bus: Service 30 or 31 from Chelmsford bus station to Danbury Eves Corner

    By train: Nearest station Chelmsford

    By road: from A12 take A414 signpost Maldon/Danbury. At Eves Corner, Danbury take Mayes Lane into Penny Royal Lane

  • Facilities:

    • NT car park (free).
    • Food and drink : Cricketers Public House.
    • WC's: At pub.

  • Contact us