The history of the Grange
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Biddulph is a valley on the edge of Staffordshire. James Bateman lived at the southern end of this valley, in the 1800s, at Knypersley Hall, until he married and moved to what is now Biddulph Grange Gardens.
Up until this point the Grange had been a farm, hence the name ‘Grange’, probably since the 1400s, some of the stonework from the farm buildings can be still be seen in the walls of the audio visual room.
Thirty years of the Batemans
Bateman was here for 30 years and built the house as an Italianate villa, the garden, with the help of his friend the famous marine artist Edward Cook, and the geological gallery (which is the only one of its kind in the world). After 30 years Bateman left and moved to Worthing, leaving one of his sons to sell the property, which at the time had a mortgage of £30,000 which in today’s money is close to £2million.
The Heath take ownership
Robert Heath then bought the property and the Heath family also lived here for 30 years. During their residency the original house burnt down destroying the central part of the house and the surrounding glass houses and orangey. The middle section of the house is therefore an 1897 rebuild and bears no resemblance to the original house.
The Heaths left in 1922 selling the house to the North Staffordshire Cripples Aid Society to use as a hospital, within 3 years they couldn’t afford it so it went to Lancashire County Council as a hospital. They built wooden wards on the Cherry Orchard and later in the 1930s knocked down the remaining glass houses and part of the geological gallery to built new wards and a ‘modern’ hospital complex – the actual house was used as nurses quarters.
Biddulph is saved by campaigners
In the mid 1970s, the estate was finally saved as campaigners won to have the area put under a conservation order. The hospital (which had been children’s, orthopaedic and geriatric) closed by 1991 and the Trust opened the garden in May 1991.
The house remained derelict until a developer bought it and converted it into 9 apartments and the 78 acres of woodland that was part of the Grange estate was taken up by Staffordshire Moorlands District Council.
Don't forget to visit the stunning gardens on your visit.