Ecton Engine House in the White Peak

Ecton Engine House
Discover the hidden history of Ecton Engine House National Trust

We acquired Ecton Hill in the Manifold Valley seven years ago. The land was adjacent to Apes Tor, a geological site that we've looked after since the 1940s. As well as being a popular walking area, this is a daleside of mixed grassland scrub and woodland, with fine grassland plants. It also contained an extension of the geological site, most importantly, buildings related to the Ecton Copper mine.

Back to the Bronze Age

Ecton Hill’s geology of distorted limestone rock gave rise to it being the source of high-grade copper ore, unusual for the Peak District, which is historically known mainly as a source of lead ore.
Thanks to recent archaeological research we now know that copper was mined here as far back as the bronze age, it is one of only two confirmed Bronze Age copper mines in England; the other is at Alderley Edge.

Mining success

We purchased the site from the estate of Geoff Cox, a mining engineer who bought the site and the old mine in the 1960s, having recognised its importance for mining history and geology.
The mine was most active during the 18th century when, under the ownership of the Dukes of Devonshire, great investment was made in new mining technology to exploit the extensive rich copper deposits within the hill. It became one of the richest copper mines in the world at the time.

Digging deeper

As the mine became deeper, the Duke engaged Messrs Boulton and Watt to build a steam engine at the top of the shaft to lift the ore from the depths below.
This was completed in 1788 and the Engine House still stands and is thought to be the oldest mine-winding engine house in the world.

Our repairs

The engine house is a scheduled monument and is on English Heritage’s list of buildings “At Risk”. With the support of Natural England, we succeeded in getting funding for repair work.
The first phase of this was undertaken in late summer 2012, with roof repairs, structural work and site improvements being undertaken. Phase two revealed more of the original interior of the building.

Working together

The mine itself is owned by the Ecton Mine Educational Trust, an independent charitable body that we work closely with to promote the use of the mine and the hill for educational purposes.
When it is repaired, the Engine House will become part of a tour of features that tell the story of this important site.