History

Repton’s business card who described Sheringham Park as his favourite work. © Royal Institute of British Architects

Repton’s business card who described Sheringham Park as his favourite work.

Humphry Repton

Sheringham Park is seen as the most complete, best preserved example of Humphry Repton's work. He was commissioned by Abbot Upcher in 1812 to remodel the Sheringham landscape, presenting his proposals in his trademark Red Book. Successive generations of the Upcher family continued to develop the estate broadly following Repton's design.

The Upcher Family

  • Portrait of Abbot and Charlotte Upcher © National Trust images

    Abbot & Charlotte

    The young couple completed the purchase of Sheringham in July 1811. Abbot died aged 35 in 1819.

  • Henry Ramey Upcher © National Trust images

    Henry Ramey Upcher

    His name is etched into Sheringham history, a lifeboat in his name can still be seen in the town....

  • Henry Morris Upcher © National Trust images

    Henry Morris Upcher

    He was an all-round sportsman, an excellent shot and a keen naturalist

  • Henry Edward Sparke Upcher © NTPL

    Sir Henry Edward Sparke Upcher

    Inherited the estate in the lean years after WW1, took a great interest in farming.

  • Thomas Upcher © NTPL

    Thomas Upcher

    Last owner of the estate, he improved the diversity of the rhododendron collection.

  • Had an exiting career working first for MI5 and then MI6 during World War 2 © NT

    Mildred Cordeaux

    Cousin of the last owner Thomas Upcher, played a leading role in Sheringham acquisition by N.T.

Sheringham Hall

The partly completed hall in 1818 drawn by J.S. Cotman

The partly completed hall in 1818 drawn by J.S. Cotman

When Abbot and Charlotte Upcher completed the purchase of Sheringham Park in 1811 they regarded the farmhouse on the site as unsuitable for their growing family.

In discussions with Repton, the Upchers suggested the new hall should face north in order to have a sea view. Repton argued for a position in the lee of the Oak Wood, writing in the Red Book 'The Sea at Sheringham is not like that of the Bay of Naples'. His view prevailed.

Sheringham Hall was designed by Humphry Repton's son John Adey. The foundation stones were laid in 1813 and by the end of 1816 the roof was completed. Abbott and Charlotte planned to move in during the summer of 1817, but during that year Abbot was struck down with a fever from which he never recovered, dying in 1819.

His wife Charlotte did not want to move into the hall and it was not until their eldest son Henry Ramey married in 1839 that the house was finally completed on a slightly more modest scale.

Prehistoric archaeology

The picture shows two tumuli. One is an oval barrow, a rare burial monument of the Neolithic period. The second is a bowl (round) barrow built on top of the first in the Bronze Age. 

Industrial history

Sheringham Park has a rich industrial history with extensive management of the timber and gravel and iron ore extraction.
The sawbench pictured dates from the 1920s.

Military archaeology

North Norfolk has long been considered vulnerable to invasion. In WWII there were extensive fortifications.
On the cliff edge are two pill boxes which covered an anti-tank ditch.

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