Paycockes through the ages

Paycocke’s has a captivating and somewhat confusing history as it has had many owners, tenants and uses in its five-hundred year life.

Use this timeline to find answers to the questions we all ask: Who? What? Why? When?

    1400s

    St Peter

    The Paycocke family arrive in Coggeshall. A medieval open hall stands on our site in West Street.
    The Paycocke’s take ownership of the estate.

    Meanwhile...

    Royals fight for the throne in the War of the Roses, ending with the beginning of a Tudor dynasty. England moves out of the dark ages as the first book is printed in England.

    1500s

    A black and white sketch of Paycocke

    1505: John Paycocke dies leaving his son Thomas our site on West Street.
    1509-10: Thomas Paycocke builds the majority of the building we see today.
    The house passes from one Paycocke generation to the next.
    1528: Coggeshall White is first produced as the cloth trade becomes firmly established in the town.
    1584: John Paycocke dies and the house passes to the Buxton family.

    Meanwhile...

    Henry VIII breaks with the Catholic Church, dissolving the monasteries and establishing the Church of England. Years of religious turmoil follow before rising to a golden age of exploration and enlightenment under Elizabethan rule.

    1600s

    The Buxton family crest: a black lion breathing red fire on a white background. The crest has been painted on to wood

    The house passes through the Buxton family.

    Meanwhile...

    England and Scotland are united under James VI. England is tormented by civil war leading to the execution of Charles I, replaced by Oliver Cromwell as Lord Protector. The Great Fire sweeps through London eradicating the city of plague. Meanwhile the King James Bible is published, the Bank of England is established and the Pilgrim Fathers set sail for America.

    1700s

    The front of Christ Church, Coggeshall. Painted in turquoise and cream with grey walls. A welcome sign stands in the foreground

    1737: A Buxton heir decides to rent out the house.
    1746: The property leaves the Buxton family as Robert Ludgater buys the house from his landlord.

    Meanwhile...

    The cloth trade falls into decline. The industrial revolution sweeps through the north whilst cottage industries begin to flourish in the south. The middle class emerge and the deportation of criminals overseas begins.

    1800s

    A black and white advert for Pudney

    The house is split into three tenements.
    1885: Paycocke’s is under threat from demolition.
    Charles Pudney buys the property using it as a home and base for his carrier business.

    Meanwhile...

    The Act of Union creates the UK. Napoleon is defeated and the slave trade is abolished in Britain. The British Empire reaches its peak under the reign of Queen Victoria. Dickens becomes popular whilst concern grows over child welfare, reducing working hours and introducing compulsory education. Modern basics such as electricity and radio are invented.

    1900s

    Four crests on wooden surrounds relating to the Buxtons and Paycocke

    1904: Charles Pudney sells Paycocke’s to Lord Noel Buxton. The restoration begins whilst Conrad and Miriam Noel reside there.
    1923: The Holst family spend a summer at Paycocke’s.
    1924: Noel Buxton donates Paycocke’s to the National Trust.
    The National Trust rent the house to tenants.
    1940: Three land mines fall on Coggeshall causing blast damage to Paycocke’s.

    Meanwhile...

    Two world wars cause the death of millions. Women get the vote. British music takes the world by storm. Heavy industry in the UK ceases as focus is placed on importing goods. Technology rapidly advances.

    2000s

    Paycocke

    2008: The National Trust decides to employ a custodian to open Paycocke’s to the public.
    2009: Paycocke’s marks its 500-year anniversary.
    2011: The house is given a new roof.
    2013: Visitors enjoy the new coffee shop, art exhibition and rooms never before open to the public.

    Meanwhile...

    We celebrate another millennium and the Olympics come to London.