Image of walking


Borger Dalr geology walk, Borrowdale


Explore the origins of Borrowdale as you walk from Grange to Castle Crag, including the poignant war memorial, Peace How and amazing views of the flat valley bed that was formerly the bottom of an Ice Age lake.

Admire the amazing colours in the rock walls at Dalt Quarry

The area was described by the renowned fell-walker and author Alfred Wainwright as ’the finest square mile in Lakeland’. Look out for colours in the rock walls of Dalt Quarry, where a wetland habitat has developed since the quarry closed.

Cairn on Castle Crag overlooking Upper Borrowdale, Cumbria.
Can you climb into the Jaws of Borrowdale by conquering Castle Crag? National Trust Images / Simon Fraser


Map route for Borger Dalr geology walk at Borrowdale
© Crown copyright and database rights 2013 Ordnance Survey


Grange village, grid ref: NY253174


Follow the road across the bridge and through the attractive village of Grange, the site of a medieval monastic farm belonging to Furness Abbey. Continue along the road for about 440yd (400m) until you almost reach the Borrowdale Gates Hotel. Go through the gate on the left, follow the path to a high point, then leave it to climb the knoll on the right, Peace How.

Read more


Walk down to the gate at the edge of the wood. Passing through, take the clear track going gently down to the left towards Hollows Farm. Notice how you are walking into the volcanic rocks.


Pass through the yard at Hollows Farm. After approximately 220yd (200m) take the track to the right. Ahead, across the camping field is the craggy wooded knoll of Holmcrag Wood. It has crags at its left end and a more gentle profile to the right. This piece of solid rock was sculpted by glaciers some 8,000 years ago. It is known as a roche moutonee, French for 'rock sheep' and you will see lots of these, large and small, throughout the walk.


Continue on the main path down to the River Derwent. At the first large beck, cross it by the bridge and ahead is a path that ascends to Dalt Quarry.


Turning away from the Quarry, take the smaller track to the right. This joins a larger track near a small bridge. Ascend the larger track, shortly leaving the wood and climbing by the stream of Broadslack Gill. Further up, below the steep crags on the left, a smaller but still clear path branches to the left. Take a breather and a moment to listen to your surroundings.

Read more


If time, weather and inclination permit, the short steep climb to the summit of Castle Crag is recommended.


Ascend steeply to a ladder and stile. Cross these and follow the fence to another ladder stile. Turn left and keep going up. Now comes the juicy bit. Go up the spoil heaps on a path that is not as hard as it looks. A great view awaits you at the top. Go to the right of the large quarry and climb to the top of Castle Crag.

Read more


Carefully reverse the route of ascent to the lower ladder stile. Cross this and follow a grassy track until you approach a stone built footpath, take this path down towards the wall and gate. Follow the narrow track through the woods and you will again find a stone-built path leading you down amongst the mature oaks towards a gate and stile. Cross the stile and bear left towards another set of gates, go through and follow the path.


Continue through the woods, passing through an area of quarry workings (if you wish to visit Millican Daltons cave, take the narrow path to your left as you pass through a dry stone wall), until the river is reached once more, near to the campsite and the track to Dalt Quarry.

Read more


From the river retrace the earlier route to the access lane to Hollows Farm. Turn right and follow the road back to Grange village.


Grange village, grid ref: NY253174

You made it

Following this trail on mobile or tablet? Share your experience.

Borger Dalr geology walk, Borrowdale


There is a steep but gradual climb to Castle Crag, and paths can be slippery when wet, so suitable footwear and clothing is recommended. The route is not suitable for pushchairs.

No bins provided on the route - please take all your litter, including dog waste, home with you.

Borger Dalr geology walk, Borrowdale

Contact us

Borger Dalr geology walk, Borrowdale

How to get here

Grange, Borrowdale, Cumbria, CA12 5XA
By train

Nearest station is Penrith 23 miles (37km).

By road

From Keswick on the B5289 road to Borrowdale.

By bus

Regular bus services from Keswick, Stagecoach 77 and 77a.

By bicycle

From Keswick on the B5289 road to Borrowdale.

Borger Dalr geology walk, Borrowdale

Facilities and access

  • National Trust shop nearby with stunning views of Derwentwater
  • Dogs welcome under close control