Tides reveal Second World War aircraft on Blakeney Point
Could the wreck of a German aircraft have been revealed on Blakeney Point? Erosion from recent tides briefly gave rangers a glimpse of what’s believed to be the wreck of a German aircraft, shot down during the Second World War.
In the early hours of 19 June 1940, a firefight broke out over the skies of Norfolk. A British Blenheim from 23 Squadron had engaged a twin-engine German Heinkel, only to be shot down in a ball of flames. Flight Lieutenant Duke-Woolley and his gunner, aircraftman Bell in another Blenheim were soon on scene and chased the Heinkel at full throttle.
With speeds reaching over 130mph, they closed the distance and opened fire, delivering five attacks from their forward firing guns and a further seven bursts from the turret. As a result the Heinkel’s engine caught fire. The Blenheim was also damaged by enemy fire and broke off the engagement, to return to base.
Fleeing back across the Norfolk Coast, the Heinkel is believed to have dumped its bombs and limped as far as Blakeney, before the second engine failed and it was forced to make an unscheduled landing in shallow waters close to the beach. One crew member was wounded, but all four on board survived and were taken prisoner by the coastguard, as they came ashore.
East Anglia bore the brunt of raids that night, as German planes targeted RAF stations in Norfolk and Suffolk. Blenheim night fighters and Spitfires were scrambled as a fierce battle took place in the skies and German bombs fell to the ground.
Bombs were dropped on Holland-on-Sea and Southend in Essex, Rede and several outlying villages around Bury St Edmunds in Suffolk, Bressingham and RAF Marham in Norfolk. In Cambridge nine people died when eight houses suffered a direct hit and there was further loss of life in Ely.
In total, six Heinkels were shot down and two were damaged that night. In addition to the one at Blakeney, others were reported at Debden, offshore at Felixstowe and Harwich, Six Mile Bottom and Sacketts Gap in Margate, one even landed in the Bishop of Chelmsford’s Garden and another was forced to land in Calais. Three Blenheims and two Spitfires also never made it home.
As with the rest of the country, the Second World War brought about much change on Blakeney Point. The warden, Ted Eales enlisted into the Royal Navy and the Lifeboat House became home to the coastguard. A lookout tower was added, so they could scour the sea and sky for enemies.
Further along this stretch of coast, there were substantial anti-invasion defences at Salthouse. Some of the pill boxes still survive and occasionally the remains of scaffolding defences emerge from the sand. The rusting wreck of the Heinkel remained offshore at Blakeney until Trinity House ordered it to be blown up in 1969. However, recent tides uncovered the remains of the wreck, albeit briefly, before the shifting shingle covers it once more.
During the Second World War, it’s thought some 2,500 aircraft crashed or made forced landings in Norfolk and Suffolk. Many would have been recovered or removed, but some wreckage remains, either buried beneath the ground or submerged in the North Sea.
A Dornier was also shot down and crashed just inland from the beach at Salthouse marshes and in 2013, a team of divers found and identified the wreak of an American B-17 Flying Fortress on the sea bed, just a couple of miles out from Blakeney.
Described as a ‘wolf in sheep’s clothing’ the early development of the He 111 was disguised as a development programme for civilian transport aircraft. It was one of the most frequently used German bombers of the Second World War.
Raymond Myles Beecham Duke Duke-Woolley was the Flight Lieutenant who severely damaged the Heinkel that landed on Blakeney Point. Born in Manchester in 1916 he entered RAF College Cranwell in 1935, as a Flight Cadet.
Graduating a year later with a permanent commission, he joined 23 Squadron at Northolt and went onto have a long career with the RAF. He was awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross (US) in 1943, the first time this award was ever given to a non-American.