Facts about the National Trust
We are a charity founded in 1895 by three people who saw the importance of our nation’s heritage and open spaces and wanted to protect them for everyone to enjoy. 125 years later, these values are still at the heart of everything we do. We look after nature, beauty and history throughout England, Wales and Northern Ireland for everyone, for ever. You can find out more about the National Trust here.
President: HRH Prince Charles
Director-General : Hilary McGrady
Chairman : Tim Parker
Deputy Chairman: Orna NiChionna
- More than 27.9m people visited the places we look after last year (2018/19), which includes 780 miles of coastline, over 248,000 hectares of land, over 500 historic houses, castles, ancient monuments, gardens, parks and nature reserves (including 9 lighthouses, 56 villages, 39 pubs and a gold mine).
- During the last year we spent £148 million looking after these places, and a further £225m running them day-to-day.
- We have more than 5.6 million members. Founded in 1895, it took until 1981 to each the first million members, and reached 4 million at the end of 2011.
- Last year over 65,000 volunteers gave in excess of 4.8 million hours of their time to support us, in more than 500 different roles.
- We’ve got around 9,000 staff who work with us year-round, plus a further 5,000 who join us through our busiest months.
- We are a registered charity, completely independent of Government and rely on income from membership fees, donations and legacies and revenue raised from our commercial operations, such as our tea rooms and holiday cottages.
- We are the nation's largest farm owner, with more than 1,500 tenant farmers.
- Much of the land we look after is declared inalienable – such land cannot be voluntarily sold, mortgaged or compulsorily purchased against the Trust’s wishes without special parliamentary procedure. This special power means that protection by the Trust is forever.
Facts about the National Trust which you may find surprising:
- We know a thing or two about gardens
We look after over 250 gardens and parks. This is the largest portfolio of historic gardens and parks in Europe and contains the largest collection of historically and botanically significant plants, as well as the work of many major garden designers including William Kent, 'Capability' Brown, Humphry Repton, Gertrude Jekyll and Sir Geoffrey Jellicoe.
93 gardens and parks are Grade I and II* Listed, 30 contain Sites of Special Scientific Interest (SSSIs) or Areas of Special Scientific Interest (ASSIs) and two are National Nature Reserves (NNRs). One, Studely Royal water garden, forms the centrepiece of the 18th-century designed landscape at Fountains Abbey and Studley Royal, which is inscribed as a World Heritage Site.
- Gravity was discovered on our land
Sir Isaac Newton’s apple tree at Woolsthorpe Manor, Lincolnshire, is believed to be the very one that inspired him in 1665, when the ‘notion of gravitation came to mind’ after he watched an apple fall. The tree, a rare variety 'Flower of Kent', is still growing well and in 2015 pips from it were sent to the International Space Station.
- We love a cuppa
Each year, we serve over 4.5 million cups of tea. That’s quite a lot of tea.
- We’re film and TV stars
From Harry Potter to Poldark and from Tarzan to Wolf Hall, via Game of Thrones, the historic houses and stunning landscapes we look after have provided backdrops to some unforgettable moments on the small and silver screen.
- We like to tread the boards
We look after an important and historical theatre – the Theatre Royal in Bury St Edmunds, Suffolk.
- We like a bit of table dancing
The dining table at Uppark in West Sussex is where Nelson’s future lover, the beautiful Emma Hamilton, is said once to have danced naked by way of an hors d’oeuvre during her tenure as Sir Harry Fetherstonhaugh’s feisty mistress.
- The drinks are on us
We own and run 39 pubs and inns, including the George Inn in Southwark, featured in Dickens’ Little Dorrit.
- Looking after the world's heritage
We look after places in nine of the UK’s World Heritage Sites including the Lake District, City of Bath, Stonehenge, Avebury and Associated Sites, the Giant's Causeway and Causeway Coast, the Jurassic Coast of Dorset and East Devon, Cornwall and West Devon Mining Landscapes, Studley Royal Park including the ruins of Fountains Abbey, Hadrian’s Wall on the Frontiers of the Roman Empire, and most recently announced, the Slate Landscape of Northwest Wales.
- Flooding is a big issue for us
126 of our coastal sites are at risk from tidal flooding and 606km (60 per cent) of our coastline is at risk of erosion.
- We own the UK’s oldest nature reserve
We own Britain’s oldest nature reserve, Wicken Fen in Cambridgeshire, acquired in 1899. More recently, Orford Ness reserve was the site of Britain’s nuclear weapon testing programme in the 1950s.
- Our first house was…
Alfriston Clergy House in East Sussex, a dilapidated medieval meeting house, acquired in 1896.
- We depend on your donations
Thanks to the generosity of our supporters we received almost £97.8 million in fundraised income during 2018/19.
- We’re pretty big...
We are the largest voluntary conservation organisation in Europe. The only organisation in the UK to have a larger membership is the AA.
- Thunderbirds was inspired by Stourhead
Stourhead house was the inspiration for Lady Penelope’s residence in the original Thunderbirds puppet series in the 1960s.
- We own the place where radio was invented
The Marconi Centre in Podhu, Cornwall, received the world’s first transatlantic radio transmission in 1901 – an experimental SOS was sent by Marconi himself from Newfoundland to the lonely site on the Cornish coast.
- Bats love our houses
All 17 species of UK bat have been recorded as roosting or breeding in our places, making us an important landowner for bat conservation.
- Butterflies also love us
With 96 per cent of all resident species of UK butterfly occurring on our land we have a huge responsibility for their conservation. We also successfully helped re-introduce the beautiful Large Blue butterfly to England, after it was declared extinct in the UK in 1979.
- Village people
We own 56 villages, such as Buttermere in Cumbria and Lacock in Wiltshire.
- We give wigs their own space
We have four closets for wig powdering. Wigs needed dedicated powdering rooms to limit the mess.
- All that glitters
We own a gold mine – The Dolaucothi Gold Mines in Pumsaint, Carmarthenshire to be exact.
- We love eclectic collections
We own 49 churches, nine monasteries and eight billiard tables – the one at Tyntesfield is electronically heated.
- Miles of coastline
We own 780 miles of coastline, including some of the best beaches and coastal paths in England, Wales and Northern Ireland.
- We’re champions of green energy
In 2018/19 more than 30% of the energy we used came from renewable sources. Our ambition is to reduce our overall energy use by 15%, and source 50% of the energy we use from renewables by 2020/21.