What to look out for in the wood pasture

Open area of pasture with clumps of vegetation and trees

All year round you can get an idea of what lowland Britain looked like in pre-historic times, as well as discovering some veteran trees and a diverse range of wildlife.

Discover this special site set within the Kent Downs Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONB). Covering almost 190 acres, Cobham Wood is also a Site of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI). It is one of the very few ancient wood pastures still retaining its full structure of open grassland and mature trees.


Veteran trees

The lower parkland has a more acidic soil, where you will find many ancient oaks. A veteran oak tree can support up to 400 species of flora and fauna. On higher ground, where the chalk is covered by a clay cap, you will find sweet chestnuts, with their spiralled bark, and pollarded hornbeams.

Pollarding entails pruning the upper part of the tree to produce a dense head of branches. This protects the hornbeam buds from the grazing deer, and provides wood for use on the estate and as fodder for grazing animals in winter.

Arms open wide in greeting
Our ranger, Jonathan, with arms spread wide as he mimics the branches of a veteran tress
Arms open wide in greeting

Prime habitat

If you look at the area behind the Mausoleum (not National Trust), you can see how the woodland looked before the conservation programme. It is choked with a dense mass of smaller trees and undergrowth, providing a much poorer habitat for wildlife.

The wood pasture and parkland is an extremely important habitat for mosses, lichens, fungi and invertebrates, including our largest beetle, the stag beetle. This beetle breeds in rotten timber in tree stumps and beefsteak fungus, the large bracket fungus found on oak trees. 

Wood pasture and parkland is a prime habitat for owls and bats, with species such as the noctule bat roosting in the cavities of ageing trees. Standing dead timber is a particularly good habitat, and one such tree stands to the right of a hornbeam opposite the Darnley Mausoleum. Such trees are also very important for woodland birds such as greater spotted woodpeckers, tree creepers and nuthatches.


Grazing cattle

Grazing cattle have been introduced to help restore the woodland pasture, enabling the mosaic of grasses, herbaceous plants and scrub, which are characteristic of this important environment. Currently the cattle grazing are highland cattle, which were historically grazed in Cobham Park.

Here's looking at you
Highland cattle grazing in front of the Mausoleum at Cobham Wood and Mausoleum
Here's looking at you


Enjoy the spectacular views of the surrounding landscape and discover the ongoing management of the woods by our Ranger and his team. This work will extend the natural area where we encourage you to walk freely, picnic and enjoy this unique site.