Parkland features

Next time you visit one of our parks or parkland estates, keep your eyes peeled for some of these interesting features, as described by our ancient tree advisor, Brian Muelaner.

The Quarry Oak at Croft Castle, Herefordshire

Stag headed trees 

Venerable trees like the oak and sweet chestnut can live for hundreds of years. When their crowns die, the dead branches remain like a stag's antlers.

A large, old and gnarled sweet chestnut tree at Sheffield Park, East Sussex, in autumn


Pollarding is an ancient form of tree management. Find out how to spot a pollarded tree with our guide.

An example of a layering tree, which has formed a new tree from branches that have touched the ground and rooted

Walking or layering trees 

These trees can form new roots from branches that touch the ground. These roots can eventually grow into an entirely separate tree.

A close up picture of a tree beginning to grow on the branch of another tree

Air and bird trees 

Air and bird trees refer to trees growing on or in other trees. Find out more about them with our guide.

A fallen tree at Great Wood, Keswick, Derwentwater, Cumbria

Phoenix trees 

Phoenix trees are those that reform into new trees after snapping off or falling over. Our guide explains how it happens.

Beech trees with aerial roots in woodland at Alderley Edge, Cheshire

Aerial roots 

Aerial roots are part of an old tree's survival system. The roots can be visible as the tree's heartwood decays.