The history of Nuffield Place and its famous owner

The tool cabinet in Lord Nuffield's bedroom

A fantastic house and a fascinating life. Incredibly successful but a real philanthropist, Lord Nuffield built his Morris minor company from the ground up.

A modest home

 
Nuffield Place was Lord Nuffield’s home from 1933 until his death in 1963. Originally named Merrow Mount, the house was designed by Oswald Patridge Milne in 1914 for Sir John Bowring Wimble, a shipping magnate.
 
When Sir John Wimble died, his widow sold the house to William Morris. Having just been raised to peerage, Morris took his title from the local village and renamed the house Nuffield Place.
 

Morris honours

 
1917- OBE
 
1929 - Baronet, becoming Sir William Morris
 
1930 - Baron becoming Lord Nuffield
 
1934 - Viscount
 
1941 - GBE
 
1948 - Fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons
 
1958 - Companion of Honor
 

The man

 
William Morris was born in October 1877 in Worcester and moved to Oxford with his family aged three. At the age of 14 William left school and apprenticed in an Oxford bicycle shop to help support his family.
 
After a year William asked for a pay rise which was denied so he promptly set up his own business, a bicycle repair company with just £4 capital. Morris’s boundless nervous energy and keen business sense enabled his rapid success and formed the basis for his continued fortunes.
 

From bicycle to car

 
1893 - Aged 16 and with £4, Morris started a bicycle repair business in his parents’ shed
 
1901 - Morris acquired a shop on Oxford's High Street
 
1903 - Morris started manufacturing motor cycles
 
1909 - Morris set up the garage on Longwall street where he started hiring, selling and repairing cars
 
1912 - In August Morris registered a new company, WRM Motors LTD, for the manufacturing of motor cars
 

The motors

 
A practical man with a passion for engineering, Lord Nuffield was fascinated by how things were made,so it was a natural move from repairing, hiring and selling cars to manufacturing. Lord Nuffield manufactured cars using 'bought in' components including a small 10-horsepower four-cylinder side-valve T-head engine by the firm of White & Poppe in Coventry. His first car was created in 1913.
 

Some of the Morris Motors

 
1913 - Bullnose Morris
 
1915 - Morris Cowley
 
1926- Morris Oxford
 
1928 - Morrris Minor
 
1952 - Morris Minor Mini
 

The money

 
At the height of Lord Nuffield's career, he was reputedly earning £2,000 a day. However, he was never extravagant with his money. Questioned about his riches, he replied, “Well, you can only wear one suit at a time.” Naturally frugal, Lord Nuffield gave away much of his vast fortune. In total he donated £30 million to good causes, the equivalent of £700 million in today's money.
 

Acts of kindness

 
1927 - Started giving large sums of money to hospitals, particularly in areas where he had factories
 
1936 - With a capital of 2 million he set up a trust for areas that had been affected by the Great Depression
 
1937 - Gave £50,000 for the expansion of the sea corps