Key features in the the Stonehenge Landscape
Stonehenge: iconic, unique, instantly recognised and managed by English Heritage. The Stone Circle, visitor shuttle and visitor centre exhibition are free to National Trust members on display of membership card at the visitor centre ticket kiosk. Entrance is by timed ticket and booking may be required.
King Barrow Ridge
Bronze Age burial mounds stand among ancient beech trees, with views of Stonehenge and the downs. Hazel coppice and mixed woodland provide shelter for wildlife such as the Green Woodpecker. In summer, chalk downland flora and woodland edges attract butterflies such as the Marbled White, Common Blue and Ringlet.
The builders of the stone circle may have lived around the massive henge of Durrington Walls: a circular earthwork enclosure, 500m across. Thousands of people travelled long distances to gather here and feast on roast pork and apples in midwinter. It contained timber structures similar to nearby Woodhenge.
This impressive bank-and-ditch earthwork is more than 2.5km long. It may have been the ceremonial route and entrance to the stone circle - and recent excavations suggest it even predates it. Though much eroded it can still be seen on its final approach to the stone circle.
Winterbourne Stoke Barrows
A resting place for some of the most important people of the Bronze Age, this impressive barrow group contains every style of barrow to be found in Southern England.
The Cursus is a huge, rectangular earthwork enclosure. At 2.8km (1 3/4 miles) long it's one of the largest of its kind. Predating Stonehenge by around 500 years, its ceremonial or ritual use remains a mystery. It may have been used for processions.
This mysterious lone sarsen megalith lies between Woodhenge and the Stonehenge Cursus. It's a rare example of a naturally placed sarsen stone (the stones used at Stonehenge are thought to have come from the Marlborough Downs, to the north). In ancient times it was a standing stone but today it lies on its side.
On your way to Stonehenge you are able to disembark from the visitor shuttle at Fargo Wood where there are ancient burial mounds and lots of wildlife to discover (less than a mile from the stone circle).
Are you up for the challenge?
The magical landscape of Stonehenge is the perfect place to embark on your 50 things to do before you're 11¾ outdoor adventure.
Fly a kite
Find a geocache
Make a grass trumpet
Hunt for bugs