History of Lamb House
Lamb House has been an inspirational environment for many authors, resulting in it also becoming a fictionalised setting for some of their most well-known books. King George I stayed there in 1726. Explore the historical significance of this Sussex treasure.
Fit for a King
Lamb house was built in 1722 by James Lamb, a wealthy wine merchant and local politician. When a storm drove King George I’s ship ashore at Camber in 1726 Lamb House was considered the most suitable accommodation for him, so James Lamb gave up his bed. In 1832 George Augustus Lamb sold the house to a wealthy local banker, Francis Bellingham.
An inspiring place to write
The American novelist Henry James discovered Rye and Lamb House quite by chance whilst visiting his friend, the architect Edward Warren. He was enchanted by the house and delighted when the opportunity arose to lease it in 1897. He bought it two years later.
James wrote his novella The Turn of the Screw, whilst Lamb House was being renovated from his London apartment. Working from Lamb House he wrote his most acclaimed novels: The Wings of the Dove, The Ambassadors and The Golden Bowl. It was while living and working at Lamb House that James began to be known as ‘The Master’. He usually wrote in the Green Room, but he preferred the Garden Room in summer. This was a self-contained building next to the house constructed in 1743 as a separate banqueting room but destroyed in 1940 during a bombing raid. Lamb House appeared as Mr Langdon’s home in James’s novel An Awkward Age.
A home of grand connections
A friend of James, E.F. Benson, lived at Lamb House from 1919 until his death in 1940. A hugely prolific writer of fiction, ghost stories and non-fiction he is now best remembered for his ‘Mapp and Lucia’ novels which were set in Tilling based on Rye with Lamb House cast as ‘Mallards’, home of Miss Mapp. He was Mayor of Rye from 1934-1937.
The continuing tradition
Since the time of James and Benson, Lamb House has continued to attract and nurture literary and artistic personalities. Some previous National Trust tenants include the prolific author, biographer, barrister and politician H. Montgomery Hyde who lived at the house from 1963 until 1967. Hyde was an early Human Rights Campaigner and a distant cousin of Henry James. Rumer Godden was the author of over sixty fiction and non-fiction books, nine of which were made into films, including Oscar winning Black Narcissus in 1947. She also wrote many volumes of poems, short stories and children’s fiction. Godden lived at Lamb House from 1967 until 1974 and is buried in Rye with her second husband Laurence Foster. The painter, celebrated designer, publisher and Conservative politician Sir Brian Batsford lived at Lamb House from 1980 until 1987. He designed and illustrated the covers of the hugely collectable British Heritage Series of ‘Batsford Books’ from the 1930’s to the 1950’s. He was chairman of Batsford Publishing from 1952 until 1974.