Geraldine Porter

University of Oxford

Geraldine Porter - University of Oxford

I am a specialist in eighteenth-century British politics, with a particular interest in parliamentary dynasties of this period. I am a contributor to the Trusted Source project.

A view of Buscot Park, Oxfordshire

Trusted Source: Helping you understand the big ideas behind our special places...

View of the West Face of the house and Ha-ha at Berrington Hall, Herefordshire

What is a ha-ha?

A ha-ha is a type of sunken fence that was commonly used in landscaped gardens and parks in the 18th century. The ha-ha gave the viewer of the garden the illusion of an unbroken, continuous rolling lawn, whilst providing boundaries for grazing livestock.

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Debrett's Peerage, Baronetage and Knightage, 1908 by Dean and Son Ltd.

What is the Peerage?

The Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom is comprised of the Lords Spiritual - the Archbishops of Canterbury and York and twenty-four other bishops - and five ranks of secular peers.

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