Historic buildings at Clytha Estate

Clytha Castle surrounded by trees, Monmouthshire

Clytha Estate in Monmouthshire, South Wales is a classic 18th-century landscaped park with grand sweeping views and fine architecture to match.

Clytha House

Clytha House is Grade I listed  and was rebuilt in the classic Greek style in the 1830s by the architect Edward Haycock. It’s probably the last house of this style in Wales.
 
Faced in Bath stone with a slated roof, the front of the house is dominated by an Ionic portico – a Greek-style porch of a roof supported by four columns. Its layout is square and inside the most impressive room is the entrance hall.
 
The hall is oval with a concave ceiling supported by seven Tuscan pillars painted to look like yellow marble. There’s a second hall beyond this with a room on either side. A cantilevered stairway leads to a first-floor gallery that runs around the four sides of a square hall.
 

Gothic gateway

The impressive gateway and railings were built in 1790 for William Jones and designed by John Nash. Grade II listed, they make up a decorative Gothic entrance gate screen with gates. The outer walls and railings are later, probably 19th century.
 

Clytha Castle

Clytha Castle is considered one of the outstanding 18th-century follies of Wales. It was built in the 1790s by William Jones of Clytha House with the purpose of ‘relieving a mind afflicted by the loss of a most excellent wife’, after his wife Elizabeth died.
 
The Grade I listed castle is L-shaped with a battlement screen wall connecting two stone circular towers and a square tower in the middle. The outside is rendered with Bath stone plinths, sills, cornices and decorative friezes, panels and battlement parapets. It was designed by architect and garden designer John Davenport.
 

Other important buildings

Davenport also probably designed the walled garden, which was built by William Jones as part of estate improvements in the 1780s. There are Tudor-style arched entrances on the north and east sides.
 
The Lodge House, situated close to the arched gateway, was built around 1840 and, in keeping with the house and folly, is faced in Bath stone and includes Tudor and Gothic designs.
 
Chapel and Ffynnonau farms are both Grade II listed and date from the 17th century. Chapel Farm house was built onto an early 16th-century building, with outbuildings from the 18th and 19th centuries.
 
Other interesting buildings around the estate include the Garden Cottages, Huntman’s Cottage, Rose Cottage, the kennels and Poors Barn. A range of vernacular structures can also be found across the estate.