Western Hemlock on High Close tree trail

Western Hemlock

Another species native the northwest America, it is associated with temperate rain forests and not found more than 100km (62miles) from the coast.

Latin name

Tsuga heterophylla

More about the Western Hemlock

Have a look at the underside of the needles. You should be able to see two distinctive white lines, a good way to confirm the identity of this tree. A grapefruit scent comes from the needles if you crush a few in your hands.

The tender new growth needles are rich in vitamin C and can be chewed directly or made into a bitter tea. When citrus fruits had run out on long sea voyages, ships captains like James Cook concocted a recipe combining this bitter tea with a little beer and molasses to cure the crew of scurvy.