National Trust Celebrates 125 Birthday- a look back at Mount Stewart
In 2020 we're celebrating 125 years since the National Trust was founded. With the help of our supporters, we protect and care for special places so people and nature can thrive for generations to come. As Europe’s largest conservation charity, we look after nature, beauty and history for the nation to enjoy. And it’s all thanks to the millions of members, volunteers and staff that support us. Without your help, we wouldn't be able to care for the miles of coastline, woodlands, countryside and the hundreds of historic buildings, gardens and precious collections that we protect.
125 Year Timeline – Londonderry Family Events
Mount Stewart was formed by the Stewart family in 1744.was the Irish seat of the Vane-Tempest-Stewart family, Marquesses of Londonderry. The house and its contents reflect the history of the Vane-Tempest-Stewart family, who played a leading role in British and Irish social and political life.
Let us take you back through the last 125 years of life at Mount Stewart
On 11th April Theresa and her family travelled to Belfast to open the Arts and Industrial Exhibition in the White Linen Hall in the Belfast City centre.
Queen Victoria’s Diamond Jubilee. Edith’s coming out ball at Stafford House, hosted by her Aunt, Millicent Duchess of Sutherland (19th July). Edith was described as ‘sweet in pink’ in her pink gown. Charles finished at Sandhurst (June). Charles commissioned in the Royal Horse Guards, the Blues and Royals, one of three regiments constituting the Household Cavalry (Sept).
Charles and Edith become engaged. Marriage scheduled for September but had to be postponed because Charles’ brother Charles Stewart Reginald, known by the family as ‘Reggie’ becomes very ill and dies (9th October).
Charles and Edith married at St Peter’s, Eaton Square, London (28th Nov).
Charles and Edith’s eldest daughter Maureen Helen is born (6th Dec). 6th Marquess becomes Postmaster-General.
King Edward VII’s coronation (Theresa drops tiara down toilet – retrieved by Doctor’s Forceps). 6th Marquess bears Sword of State. (8th Aug). Charles and Edith’s only son ‘Robin’ Edward Charles Stewart Robert is born (18th Nov). 6th Marquess enters Cabinet as first President of the Board of Education.
King Edward VII and Queen Alexandra visit Mount Stewart (24th - 26th July) as part of their tour of Ireland.
Charles and Edith on extended trip to India and the Far East. They visited Bombay, Calcutta, Delhi, Amritsar, Lahore, Peshawar, the Khyber Pass, Hyderabad, Madras, Singapore, Honk Kong and Japan, before crossing the pacific to Vancouver and return home via Toronto, Ottawa and New York.
Charles and Edith’s second daughter Margaret Frances Anne is born (9th Mar).
Edith forms the Ark club. (See Politics staff folder for more information). 6th Marquess dies of influenza and pneumonia (6th – 8th Feb). Charles becomes 7th Marquess of Londonderry. Charles and Edith move into Wynyard in Durham and Londonderry House in London.
Edith created Dame of the British Empire, the first military award given to a woman, due to her outstanding contribution to the war effort through the Women’s Legion. Charles returns from serving in France (May). Encouraged by his mother Theresa and his wife Edith, Charles becomes more involved in Home Rule situation in Northern Ireland.
Mairi Elizabeth Vane-Tempest-Stewart born on March 25 1921
Charles becomes Chancellor of Queen’s University Belfast.
Duke and Duchess of York (future King George VI) visit Mount Stewart (July). Robin made honorary attaché to the British Embassy in Rome while Sir Ronald Graham was Ambassador (Nov).
Edith publishes The Magic Ink-Pot, a collection of children's stories woven with celtic mythology.
Charles appointed Secretary of State for Air (Nov). He held this position until June 1935.
Charles made Lord Privy Seal and briefly Leader of the House of Lords (June - November).
Lady Mairi marries Derek Keppel, Viscount Bury, son of the 9th Earl of Albemarle at Mount Stewart.
Lady Mairi’s eldest daughter Elizabeth is born.(Nov)
Lady Mairi’s younger daughter Lady Rose is born (Dec).
Charles, the 7th Marquess dies at Mount Stewart (10th Feb), his eldest son Robin becomes 8th Marquess of Londonderry. Mount Stewart and the family’s Northern Irish estates passed to Edith and later to Lady Mairi, while the titles, other properties passed to Robin.
Edith, Lady Londonderry gives the gardens at Mount Stewart to the National Trust.
Edith, Lady Londonderry dies and is buried at Mount Stewart, in Tir Na nOg, the family burial ground (23rd April)
Lady Mairi gives the house and may of its contents to the National Trust. The Trust opens Mount Stewart House, Garden & Temple of the Winds to visitors.
Lady Mairi Bury dies at Mount Stewart and is buried in Tir Na nOg. Lady Rose and her husband Mr Peter Lauritzen live at Mount Stewart for 6 months a year.
Alexander 9th Marquess dies, his son Frederick becomes 10th Marquess of Londonderry.
National Trust completes an extensive restoration of the house and its contents as well as the purchase of the wider estate re-uniting it with plans to open more trails to the public.
The present-day estate of Mount Stewart extends to 950 acres with a large lake and many monuments and farm buildings with plans to open more trails this year.