Bird watching on Brownsea
An internationally important wildlife haven, the lagoon hosts thousands of avian visitors each year.
Brownsea Island is managed in partnership with the Dorset Wildlife Trust, who look after the northern part of the island, including the lagoon and surrounding wetland areas which is home to thousands of birds and other wildlife.
Originally managed as pastureland this area of Brownsea was allowed to flood in the 1930s, becoming a non-tidal, brackish water lagoon offering a sanctuary to a vast number of birds.
Why is it so special?
The lagoon has several uses, ranging from a ‘drive-through’ style feeding area for species such as Curlew Sandpiper, Wood and Green Sandpiper, Little Stint and Little Ringed Plover, and also as a high-tide roosting zone when most of the harbour is under water. The lagoon also plays a vital role in providing a safe haven for overwintering birds including avocets, black-tailed godwits and large numbers of wildfowl.
What can you see?
Over 20,000 birds visit Poole Harbour each year to feed and roost, including Britain's largest ever recorded over-wintering populations of spoonbills and avocet in the UK, plus internationally important numbers of black-tailed godwit, shelduck and oystercatcher. Numbers of avocet can peak at over 1,000 and black-tailed godwit at around 2,000, which is quite an impressive sight, especially when one of the over-wintering merlin or peregrines starts hawking over the lagoon. Spoonbill is another lagoon favourite with numbers often reaching 40+ by mid-October.
Spring and summer
In spring and summer the lagoon’s function changes from being sleepy high-tide roosting area to becoming a busy and bustling breeding site for Poole Harbour's important common and sandwich tern colony. The tern islands which are conveniently built right in front of the two hides provide a fascinating insight into the breeding and courtship behaviour of these summer visitors, as well as views of the adults feeding chicks too.
In the colder months you can spot over wintering waders stopping off on their migratory journeys to feed in the lagoon. In winter it’s also possible see huge groups of spoonbills. These tall white birds can be seen swishing their spoon-shaped bills through the water as they feed.
Accessing the Dorset Wildlife Trust area
The Dorset Wildlife Trust manage the lagoon and wetland areas and there is a suggested donation of £2 to enter this part of the island, which includes access to hides and admission to the Villa Wildlife Centre which has an exhibition, gift shop, toilets and a feeding station for red squirrels.