Delve into the history of Kinder, Edale and the Dark Peak
280 million years ago gritstone was formed by deposits of sand and mud residue when it was a vast river estuary. On the surface, rain and ice wore away softer areas of reef creating gorges, valleys and caves and the landscape you see today.
Kinder Mass Trespass
From the 1800’s, workers from industrial areas of the north of England came out to the Peak District by the trainload to enjoy the fresh air and escape from the pressures of life in the factories and mills.
However, things were different than they are now and walkers could only access certain parts of the countryside because those that owned and managed the land were strict about who could use it for recreational purposes.
In 1932, a group of around 400 from Greater Manchester met in Hayfield and attended a rally at Bowden Bridge Quarry where Benny Rothman addressed the crowd about the injustice of not being able to access the open moor of Kinder Scout. About 200 of the crowd made their way up William Clough where they were confronted by local bailiffs and gamekeepers. Following this confrontation a number of the protesters were arrested and sent to prison on the charge of “riotous assembly”. This event become known as the Kinder Mass Trespass.
The Kinder Mass Trespass, along with the other trespass protests in the area, led to a political will to allow access onto the open moor and ultimately the creation of the first National Park, the Peak District, in 1951. The National Park then negotiated agreements with private local landowners for the creation of “open country” which gave visitors far more freedom to enjoy the countryside; something that thankfully lives on today.