Wimpole Estate has 600 acres of parkland, woodland belts, ponds, ditches and streams.
Lying at the centre of the Estate is the 300 acre ancient parkland once home to a herd of fallow deer. Now it has many rare breed cattle and sheep grazing among the veteran trees that cloak the park.
Wimpole parkland has changed many times throughout its history, different owners employed different landscape designers and gardeners, who each left their mark on the landscape.
Geology & Soils
The geology sets the scene with its origins from beneath the sea when dinosaurs roamed the earth, many small fossils like devils toenails and devils fingers can be found from this period on the ploughed land.
Heavy gault clay lies at the bottom of the hills, prone to water logging with its predominant Evesham soil series perfect for sweet pastures and ponds.
The chalky slopes of the Landwade and Abington soil series lead to the higher ground where ancient woodlands can be found on the poorly drained Hanslope soil series.
Surrounding the parkland are 300 acres of woodland belts, although a much more recent addition than the outlying ancient woodlands, they still support rich and varied wildlife.
Cobbs Wood is an ancient woodland. Named after Geoffrey Cobb, the Lord of the Manor of Wratsworth; there's now a lost village beneath Cobbs Wood itself. All other woodland is a direct result of the landscapers. It holds a surprising array of wildlife including eight species of bat.
Of the 2500 acres on the Estate the vast majority is farmland and almost all of this is organically farmed by the National Trust.
The Estate also has rivers, lakes, ponds, pastures and meadows all forming a wide range of habitats for wildlife flora and fauna