The parkland at Stowe

National Trust Stowe, Buckinghamshire

If you’re looking to head off the beaten track and see the wider countryside, take a vigorous ramble in the park where more monuments wait to be explored and see new views you won't find in the garden. Explore 1000 acres of landscape park and deer park free of charge, open daily between 10-5pm, closing at 4pm in the winter.

How to explore the parkland

The parkland is free to access to members and non-members. You are welcome to make the most of local footpaths that link up with the parkland and enjoy the views and walks anytime. You can park in the New Inn car park, where it is free to park, anytime between 8.30am-5pm. Remember to wear solid shoes in winter. It can get quite muddy out there! 

What can I see?

Ask people about Stowe and most people would describe an iconic view, their favourite temple or a memory they have. Not many have explored the 1000 acres of parkland that surround the gardens. Just like the gardens they surround, there are extensive areas of of man-made landscaping, making use of trees, hills and lakes to manipulate the views. Grand avenues, secluded woods and monuments dot the parkland with areas created by 'Capability' Brown. Hidden treasures lie within and many are easy to miss on a visit to the gardens. 

Whilst most visitors start their day through Bell Gate and head into the centre of the Ha-ha bordered gardens, take the grass path to the right as your approach the gardens, this gives you access to explore the vast parkland. 

Sights and Sounds

As you venture through the parkland, it becomes clear how it compliments the grandeur of the gardens. Rather than existing as a separate entity, Lord Cobham had temples and monuments added to ensure the parkland served as an extension to his gardens. Some of these survive today. Highlights on your journey include:

Stowe Castle

Look to your right on your walk down Bellgate Drive and in the distance and you'll spot Stowe Castle overlooking the gardens. It was built in 1738 on the outskirts of the estate to act as an eye-catcher from the Temple of Friendship. Although it looks like a grand castle on a hill, it's actually a facade which hid a small farm behind and is now used as a business park. The avenue through the gates to the side of the Temple of Friendship leads out to Bycell Riding giving direct access to the farm.

Bourbon Tower

Built in 1741, Bourbon Tower was built as a house for the estate's gamekeeper to provide a lookout point and to control access to the gardens along a former road. The tower was built above to impress the French royal family on a visit in 1808. The most recent use was as a weapons store by the school.

Boycott Pavilions and Oxford Bridge

The Boycott Pavilions were built in 1729 and 1734 and stand either side of the Oxford Avenue, now used as the road to the school. The western pavilion was home to 'Capability' Brown during his time at Stowe. Oxford Bridge carries the Oxford Avenue across the Oxford Water and onto the North Front of the house. The formal entrance with its impressive welcome into the gardens was used exclusively for special guests on their visits to the gardens.

Conduit House

Conduit House is possibly one of the most intriguing buildings of the parkland. It was originally called Gothic Umbrello and once sat within a grove of trees providing a secluded and sheltered view across the parkland. It's built over a vaulted reservoir which provided the house with fresh spring water until the 1950s. This is where the name Conduit House comes from. 

Conduit House was once an at risk building in the gardens and was one of the first monuments that was restored in the 1990s.

The Conduit House restored in 1992 in bright golden white limewash
The restored Conduit House in the parkland at Stowe is a small hollow structure made of bricks and painted in limewash and is octagonal in shape
The Conduit House restored in 1992 in bright golden white limewash

Wolfe's Obelisk

Standing over 100 feet high, Wolfe's Obelisk is difficult to miss from around the gardens and parkland. It was moved in 1754 from the centre of the Octagon Lake where it was used as a fountain to its current position in the parkland, the layers of bricks were taken down and moved by hand as part of this. The obelisk serves as another eye catcher and can be seen from various locations within the gardens. It's dedicated to General Wolfe who was the victor of Quebec in 1759 and a friend of Earl Temple. The location in the parkland means the monument is regularly subjected to winds of up to 100 miles per hour, three coats of lime wash help to protect against this.

The view across the formal Octagon Lake with Obelisk over to the Lake Pavilions at Stowe.
A view looks across an octagon shaped lake with obelisk at its centre, with the two near identical Lake Pavilions behind in the background in 1733
The view across the formal Octagon Lake with Obelisk over to the Lake Pavilions at Stowe.

Livestock in the parkland

Much of the parkland has been used for farming for thousands of years. It's made up of land acquired by the multiple owners over many years, to form the 900 acres seen today. An abundance of wild animals and farm livestock live within the fields. On your travels, you'll probably spot sheep and cows and both have historical importance to Stowe.

Sheep have been grazed for hundreds of years. The family's original fortune came from the wool trade and that led to the growth of the estate. The sheep would also have provided food and helped to keep control of the grass growth. We still have sheep grazing on the estate to help maintain the historical views.

Enjoy your walk safely, and please keep a safe distance from all livestock at Stowe, especially cattle.

The lost village of Lamport

As the gardens grew, along with the ambitions of Lord Temple, more land was needed. The parkland created a seemingly endless and uninterrupted view beyond the gardens and virtually nothing could stand in the way. In much the same way that the village of Stowe had been absorbed into the gardens, Lamport, on the eastern edges of the estate was next in line. By the survey of 1633, Stowe was shown to own large parts of Lamport. By 1826, the Lamport estate was purchased and land used to form the Lamport gardens, the village was always seen to ruin the view upstream from the Palladian Bridge. The takeover of the village was not popular with the village residents who were more and more enclosed by the expanding gardens and parkland.

More to discover

Once you've explored the park from the New Inn side of Stowe, return to see 'Capability' Brown's Deer Park. You're welcome to park at the New Inn and use all the facilities, or if you want a closer spot to park or are dropping-in often, there's a small car park that can be accessed via the Silverstone Road in Dadford. You'll find the grid reference: SP670377 will get you there. 

National Trust Stowe, Buckinghamshire

Deer Park walk at Stowe

Walk through the rolling hills, fields and woodland of trees in the deer park, where green spotted woodpeckers and other wildlife can be enjoyed.

A horse and rider enjoying a ride down Bell Gate Drive

Horse riding at Stowe

Enjoy getting active as well as taking in the scenery Stowe has to offer by going on a horse ride through its lyrical landscapes. Applications are now open for our 2022 Permit Scheme.