Discover a Land of Giants
Bodnant Garden is famed for its plants, which come from all over the world, and for our illustrious tree collection.
A recent survey by The Tree Register discovered that the garden is home to 40 UK Champion Trees – the best examples of their kind in Britain – and 130 Welsh Champion Trees, the highest number in Wales alongside Bute Park and Arboretum in Cardiff.
Head Gardener John Rippin says: “Trees define the landscape at Bodnant Garden. Our collection goes back more than two centuries and we have specialist gardeners and arborists who look after them. It’s wonderful to know that some of the oldest, largest and rarest in our care are thriving.”
The story of Bodnant Garden’s trees goes back to the Georgian era when the first beech were introduced - at that time not a common tree in Wales. They were planted along with oak, sycamore and chestnut as part of the first landscaping around Bodnant Hall in the 1790s.
The next and biggest phase of tree planting came in Victorian times under Henry Pochin, who bought the Bodnant estate in 1874. Pochin developed the pinetum in the valley garden, planting American and oriental conifers along the banks of the River Hiraethlyn.
In Bodnant’s waterside dells these new trees thrived; sheltered against the elements and reaching up for light. Some of the Champions found here include the 35m Sequoiadendron giganteum ‘Pendulum’ (Giant Sequoia) planted in 1890 and Sciadopitys verticillata (Japanese Umbrella Pine) thought to originate from a single plant bought to Britain by Thomas Lobb in 1853, now standing at 20m.
A home for exotics
Another wave of tree planting continued in the early 1900s under Pochin’s daughter Laura McLaren and grandson Henry McLaren, who added Asian broad-leaved trees throughout the garden including magnolias, acers and flowering cherries from China and Japan. You'll find a number of Champions in the Glades including a Sorbus meliosmifolia and Acer mandshuricum (Manchurian Maple) both rare in Britain, grown from seed collected by plant hunter Ernest Wilson in the Edwardian period.
Our collection includes many conifers and evergreens, spring flowering trees and others with blazing autumn leaf-colour, providing a year-round spectacle. Discover them with our Champion Tree Map, which is now available from reception when you visit - or you can download it here: Bodnant Garden's Champion Trees (PDF / 2,7MB) download
" I would love to think Bodnant Garden’s giants will be going strong in 200 years, providing future visitors with an even more awesome sight and helping preserve some of the world’s most incredible trees."