The Cyril Diver Project
Few of Britain’s remarkable naturalists achieved as much as Captain Cyril Diver (1892-1969).
Diver became fascinated by nature as a young soldier during the First World War when studying snails in the trenches of the Western Front became a welcome distraction from the horrors unfolding around him.
During the 1930s he and other volunteer experts meticulously surveyed, mapped and recorded the wildlife of the heath and dune system on the Studland peninsula, near Swanage in Dorset. They had a fantastic time, and also saved the site from development.
A civil servant, Diver went on to draft much of our country’s initial wildlife legislation, and devise and lead the Nature Conservancy. This country owes him big time, yet he is largely forgotten.
Eighty years on, the National Trust led a three year project between 2013 and 2015 to resurvey the peninsula, with close reference to the Diver archive material. As in the 1930s, specialist surveys were conducted by volunteers, both experts and beginners, though coordinated by a project officer.
They had a fantastic time too, and have pioneered the citizen science approach to advanced wildlife recording, much of this in partnership with students from Bournemouth University. There is nothing naturalists love more than survey work, especially in a place as rich as the Studland peninsula.
The place has changed too, massively. Major changes commenced when Studland was taken over for military training during the Second World War, and then when rabbits died out due to myxomatosis. A new sand dune has developed since the 1930s, and major changes to the ponds, swamps and mires have occurred.
Recent surveys found 620 species of higher plants – a quarter of the UK’s native flora, and an increase from 465 in Diver’s time, though a few rarities have disappeared.
Diver didn’t survey the lichen flora, due to a scarcity of experts, but recently more than 340 lichen taxa have been found, including 29 major rarities.
Insect-wise, today’s beetle surveys comfortably outscored Diver – 777 species, compared to 239, though 56 of Diver’s 239 were not re-found. Diver found 325 species of moth, the recent surveys found 611 but failed to re-find 105 on Diver’s list. And so on. The recent surveys discovered two species new to Britain, though others may await confirmation.
All this data will be presented in a full report, due for publication in 2016.
Now, more than ever, this nation needs its naturalists, to provide data to help us understand the burgeoning issues of climate change, new species colonisation and impending ecological change.
We need more in-depth studies along the lines of the Diver Project, and to recruit and equip a new generation of inspired naturalists. The National Trust has a key role to play here, and will do so.